We are in pre-menopause and we’re not safe? Our cycle is irregular but we are not yet at an age to risk? In this situation, the best thing we can do is turn to our doctor or gynecologist, who certainly will inform us properly about what’s really happening to our body and what tests it is important to perform in order to deepen the cause of these symptoms. However some small information that may help us to clarify the possible condition, we’re going to meet: the premenopausal.

What is menopause?

Pre-menopause is that period of time that precedes menopause, and falls in the climacterium, a period of about 7-10 years, which includes for this latter, the menopause and post-menopause, and that usually in the majority of women starts from the 45-49 years and covers up to 55 years (in some cases up to 60). Inside the menopause and each of the three phases can be more or less long, and this varies from woman to woman, as varies the intensity, number and duration of the symptoms (hot flashes, mood swings, weight gain) that we can go to meet. Instead, what always occurs in the period of pre-menopause, is the strong irregularity of the menstrual cycle before the last menstruation.

Because our cycle becomes irregular?

When us women get closer to menopause the hormonal balance of our body tends to change. Evolutionarily, the female is born with a set number of egg cells is limited and these are issued individually by our ovary each month, starting from the first menstrual cycle in adolescence. The purpose is to make them “available” at fertilization by the sperm released through ejaculation during sexual intercourse; once depleted these cells, the egg, the woman enters menopause. In the period preceding the last menstrual period, our ovaries go to a production is not constant estrogen (the hormones responsible for the maturation of the ova) and a gradual decrease in these fluctuations are responsible for the irregularity of the menstrual cycle.

Polimenorrea and oligomenorrhea

This decline in production of hormones causes irregular menstrual cycles and the appearance of the first symptoms of menopause. In a few words of childbearing age, the interval between one cycle and another generally lasts 28-30 days. Premenopausal this range becomes not more regular and predictable.

So if premenopausal the cycle is abundant and long , or too short and scarce, it is possible you are suffering from polimenorrea or oligomenorrhea.

In the case of the polimenorrea, the time interval between one cycle and the next decreases, becoming less than the time that the “standard” of the usual 28 to 30 days.

In oligomenorrhea , the time interval between one cycle and the next increases: the menstrual cycles are most distant from each other, and therefore the more thinned out.

In both cases, it is advisable to consult our doctor, who, on the basis also of the age that we have, will be able to confirm or not the possibility of a menopause is imminent.